Five main countries are on the list for the largest construction projects in the world, for the upcoming years. China, Libya and England are among the most significant ones, with projects that will change the face of Earth. It will cost over $15.5 trillion on 22 years.
At the same time, effective megaprojects can achieve things that have never been done before. They can be highpoints of human achievement.
Sellafield Nuclear Site, England
This is the U.K.’s main nuclear-fuel reprocessing facility, which covers over 700 acres. The construction costs are set to exceed $15 billion. One of its key activities is the reprocessing of a nuclear fuel called the Magnox, from UK nuclear power stations.
The site presently handles almost all the radioactive waste produced by the UK’s 15 active nuclear reactors. It also recovers spent fuel from nuclear power plants abroad, mostly in Japan and Europe. Up to now, 50,000 tonnes of fuel has been recovered on the site.
Beijing Airport, China
The first phase of Beijing International Airport was completed in time for the 2008 Olympiad. Recently, China unveiled the shiny example of its £9.1 billion new airport, which is tipped to surpass Dubai's Al Maktoum Airport. Several representatives showed off the extensive skeleton of Beijing New Airport, which is made up of 52,000 tonnes of steel, 1.6 million cubic meters of concrete and spans a total 47 sq. km (18 sq. miles), with runways.
It is highly believed that the airport will serve an initial 45 million passengers a year, with a subsequent capacity of 100 million. The existing airport will continue to work major international flights though.
Great Man-Made River Project, Libya
The GMR project is a system of underground pipelines carrying high-quality fresh water from olden underground aquifers deep in the Sahara to the shore of Libya. The GMR was initially considered as having several phases, or arms, though not all have been constructed and some may never be. Libya has been working on this great project since 1985.
When the project will be completed, it will irrigate more than 350,000 acres of arable soil and will significantly increase available drinking water in most of Libya's city centers. This interesting project is scheduled to complete by 2030.
International Space Station, Space
For every 92 minutes, the ISS circles the earth. Designed by a group of 15 nations and 5 space agencies, the ISS has estimated the construction costs to be around $60 billion. According to the NASA station program manager Mike Suffredini, this project is like building a ship in the middle of the sea.
With the continuing shuttle missions, NASA will board on a series of flights as hard as any in history to complete the space station.
London Crossrail Project
The huge new Crossrail project is now more than 85% complete, according to a close source. It will be known as the Elizabeth Line, once the project is completed. Costing around £14.8 billion, the line will give all the way from Reading in the west through to Shenfield and Abbey Wood in the east. It is expected that the line will carry 10 million people each year between the 10 specifically constructed stations.
During the month of December 2018, services from Liverpool street to Shenfield will open. The full line will be operational by the end of 2019.
Large-scale investment projects, such as the 5 megaprojects above, are business favourites that bring in public attention and impressive capital due to considerable impacts on environments and communities. People will especially find them appealing, as these will make it easier for their routine life!